The Ultimate Guide to Muay Thai Kicks: Types, Techniques, and Tips for Better Performance (2023)

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As the cornerstone of one of the world’s most effective martial arts, Muay Thai kicks are physically demanding and technically complex. They combine power, precision, and artistry, making Muay Thai a breathtaking spectacle and an exciting sport. 

In this article, I delve into the different types of Muay Thai kicks, their correct execution, and their effectiveness in combat. Whether you’re a novice looking to get started or an experienced practitioner aiming to refine your technique, I’ve got you covered.

I’ll explore everything from the foundational roundhouse kick to the complex switch kick, providing step-by-step instructions to guide your practice. I’ll also be giving you insights into how these techniques can be used in combat situations, all while promoting safety and respect for the sport. 

So, ready to elevate your martial arts journey with the power of Muay Thai kicks? Let’s get started!

Kicks are the most important weapon in Muay Thai. They are the longest-range weapon and can cause the most damage.

– Namsaknoi Yudthagarngamtorn

Understanding the Different Types of Muay Thai Kicks – Roundhouse Kick, Front Kick, Side Kick, and More

To truly understand Muay Thai, it’s important to delve into the specifics of its diverse range of kicks, including the roundhouse kick, front kick, side kick, and more.

Muay Thai Kicks Infographics
Basic Muay Thai kicks

1. The Roundhouse Kick 

In the realm of Muay Thai, the Roundhouse Kick is a formidable force to reckon with. This kick is a staple in every Muay Thai fighter’s arsenal and is widely recognized for its power and effectiveness.

The roundhouse kick primarily targets the opponent’s ribs, head, or thighs with a whip-like motion originating from the hip. The velocity and impact generated by this kick can be quite intimidating, making it a potent weapon in a Muay Thai match. However, its execution requires precision, skilled footwork, and perfect timing.

Roundhouse kick targets ribs, head, or thighs with the whip-like motion from hip
Roundhouse kick targets ribs, head, or thighs with the whip-like motion from hip

2. The Front Kick (Teep)

Often considered the bread and butter of Muay Thai kicks, the Front Kick, or “Teep”, is a versatile weapon in any fighter’s arsenal. It’s executed by thrusting your foot forward into your opponent, akin to a push rather than a typical kick.

The beauty of the Teep lies in its multifaceted use. It can serve as a powerful offensive technique, capable of knocking the wind out of your adversary, but it’s also effective for maintaining distance and disrupting your opponent’s rhythm. It’s a kick that demands precision and timing, and when executed correctly, the Front Kick can be a game-changer in the ring.

The beauty of the Teep lies in its multifaceted use
The beauty of the Teep lies in its multifaceted use

3. The Side Kick 

Although not as commonly used in Muay Thai as the roundhouse or front kick, the side kick can be a valuable tool when used correctly. It’s a great technique for creating distance and can be used defensively or offensively. So, how can you incorporate the sidekick into your Muay Thai repertoire? 

  1. From your fighting stance, turn your body sideways while lifting your knee towards your chest.
  2. Extend your leg to the side, aiming your heel towards your opponent.
  3. Strike with the heel or the outer edge of your foot, depending on your flexibility and the distance from your opponent.
  4. Quickly retract your foot back to your stance.
The sidekick can be a valuable tool when used correctly
The sidekick can be a valuable tool when used correctly

4. The Axe Kick

Although less common than the roundhouse or front kick, the axe kick can be powerful. Here is how to correctly perform an axe kick: 

  1. Start from your basic fighting stance.
  2. Lift your leg as high as possible, keeping your knee slightly bent.
  3. Swiftly drop your leg down, aiming to strike with the heel of your foot. The motion should resemble that of an axe falling, hence the name.
  4. Return to your fighting stance immediately, ready for the next move.
The axe kick can be a powerful tool in your arsenal
The axe kick can be a powerful tool in your arsenal
(image source:

Tutorials for Beginners – Step-by-Step Guide to Improve Your Muay Thai Kicks

So, you’re a beginner looking to improve your Muay Thai kicking technique? It’s a rewarding journey, and I’m here to guide you through it. As someone who has trained and practiced Muay Thai for many years, let me reassure you that while the process may be challenging, it’s achievable with the right guidance and consistent practice. Let’s start your Muay Thai journey with some basic yet effective kicks. 

1. The Front Kick (Teep)

Beginners often start with the Teep, also known as the Push Kick. This kick is used to maintain distance, interrupt attacks, or off-balance your opponent. 

  1. Start in a basic Muay Thai stance. Your feet should be hip-width apart, with your left foot slightly forward if you’re right-handed, and vice versa.
  2. Bring your knee up towards your chest. The foot of the kicking leg should be pointing downwards.
  3. Extend your leg straight, pushing your foot towards the target. Imagine you’re pushing an opponent away from you.
  4. Return your foot to the ground, returning to your basic stance. Always remember to maintain balance.

2. The Roundhouse Kick 

Once you’ve mastered the Teep, it’s time to advance to the Roundhouse Kick. This is one of the most famous and powerful kicks in Muay Thai, often used to attack the opponent’s body or head. 

  1. Again, start with your basic Muay Thai stance.
  2. Rotate your body towards the target, turning on the ball of your non-kicking foot.
  3. Swing your kicking leg toward the target, keeping your shin parallel to the ground. Your foot should be flexed.
  4. Follow through with your kick, allowing your body to rotate, then quickly return to your starting position.

Remember, strength, speed, balance, and precision are key to a successful Muay Thai kick. It’s not about how hard you can kick but how well you can kick.

3. Low Kick 

The Low Kick targets the opponent’s legs, a crucial Muay Thai technique. It can seriously hamper your opponent’s mobility, making it a potent weapon in your arsenal. 

  1. Begin in your standard Muay Thai stance.
  2. Shift your weight to your non-kicking foot and rotate your body towards the target.
  3. Swing your kicking leg toward your opponent’s thigh or calf. Be sure to hit with your shin, not your foot.
  4. Quickly retract your kicking leg and return to your stance, ready for the next move.

4. High Kick

I’ve always believed that the high kick is one of the most powerful and effective techniques in Muay Thai. It’s about the power you can generate and the precision and timing required to land a successful high kick. Here’s how you can perfect your high kick in Muay Thai: 

  1. Stand in the basic fighting stance: Ensure your feet are shoulder-width apart with your weight equally distributed. Your leading foot should point forward while the other foot, at a 45-degree angle.
  2. Rotate your hip: Initiate the kick by rotating your hip and shifting your weight onto the kicking leg. Remember, the kick’s power comes from the hip rotation, not just the leg.
  3. Swing the leg: Swing your leg up towards your target. Your shin, not your foot, should be the main impact point. Keep your foot flexed to avoid injury.
  4. Follow through: Don’t just stop your leg once you’ve made contact. Follow through with the kick, ensuring maximum power and displacement.
  5. Return to stance: After the kick, swiftly return to your basic fighting stance. This allows you to react immediately to your opponent’s moves.

These are just a few of the many kicks you’ll learn on your Muay Thai journey. Practice makes perfect, so dedicate time to mastering each kick before moving on to the next. And always remember, the journey is just as important as the destination.

If you’re interested in learning more about essential techniques in Muay Thai, you might want to check out these articles:

Tips and Tricks to Increase the Power and Speed of Your Muay Thai Kicks

As a practitioner of Muay Thai, I know firsthand the importance of mastering the power and speed of your kicks. They are the bread and butter of any Muay Thai fighter and can be the difference between victory and defeat. Let’s dive into some tips and tricks that could help you enhance the power and speed of your Muay Thai kicks. 

1. Strengthen Your Core 

Believe it or not, the power of your kick doesn’t come from your legs alone. Your core plays a significant role in generating force. A strong core allows for a better power transfer from your body to your leg. So, how do you strengthen your core? 

  • Planks: This exercise is a full-body workout that targets your core.
  • Leg Raises: A great exercise for lower abs, crucial for kick power.
  • Medicine Ball Twists: This exercise will enhance rotational power, which is essential for roundhouse kicks.

2. Improve Your Technique 

No amount of strength will compensate for poor technique. Here are some technical aspects you should focus on: 

  • Rotation: During a kick, your body, from your standing foot to your hips, should rotate. This rotation generates power.
  • Point of Contact: Hitting your opponent with the right part of your foot or shin can make a significant difference. Practice hitting with the lower part of the shin, which is the hardest part.

3. Speed Practice 

Speed is crucial in Muay Thai. A fast kick can catch an opponent off guard and increase the strike’s impact. Here are a few exercises to improve your kicking speed: 

  • Shadow Boxing: This helps improve your speed as you are not making contact with anything, allowing you to kick faster.
  • Kicking Drills: Practicing your kicks will naturally improve your speed over time.

4. Flexibility Training 

Flexibility plays a crucial role in the execution and power of your kicks. The more flexible you are, the higher and faster you can kick. Incorporating yoga and regular stretching into your routine can be beneficial.

Remember, the key to improving the power and speed of your Muay Thai kicks lies in consistent practice, proper technique, and physical conditioning. Don’t rush the process; greatness takes time.

4. Use a Heavy Bag 

The heavy bag is a Muay Thai fighter’s best friend. Regular training with a heavy bag can significantly improve your kicking power and speed. It provides resistance, which helps in building strength and muscle memory.

READ NEXT: Best Muay Thai Bags: Top Picks for 2023

Keep in mind that proper form is the foundation of power and speed. All the strength in the world won’t matter if your technique is off. Keep practicing, stay consistent, and over time, you will see a marked improvement in your Muay Thai kicks.

Common Mistakes to Avoid When Performing Muay Thai Kicks

Let’s delve into some common missteps that beginners and even some experienced practitioners make when executing Muay Thai kicks. Understanding these pitfalls is an essential part of your journey to mastering this ancient martial art, as they affect the effectiveness of your kicks and can lead to injuries if not corrected. So, what are these common mistakes, and how can we avoid them? 

1. Failure to Rotate the Hips 

One of the most frequent errors in Muay Thai kicks is the proper rotation of the hips. This rotation is what gives the kick its power and speed. If you focus solely on swinging your leg, you’re neglecting the most important aspect of the kick.

Correction: Practice the motion without actually kicking. Get used to pivoting on the ball of your standing foot and turning your hips into the kick. This might initially feel awkward, but it will soon become second nature. 

2. Not Using the Shin 

Unlike other martial arts that use the foot for kicking, Muay Thai predominantly uses the shin. Kicking with the foot can lead to injury and doesn’t provide the same power or reach as the shin.

Correction: Aim to make contact with your opponent using your shin, not your foot. Practice on a heavy bag to develop accuracy and get accustomed to the feeling of impact on your shin.

Muay Thai predominantly uses the shin for kicking
Muay Thai predominantly uses the shin for kicking

3. Incorrect Distance 

The power of a Muay Thai kick comes from a combination of rotation and swing. If you’re too close to your opponent, you won’t be able to generate the necessary force. Conversely, if you’re too far, your kick will fall short.

Correction: Practice judging distances with a training partner or a heavy bag. Remember that your optimal distance depends on your height and leg length. 

4. Leaning Back Too Much 

While it’s true that there is a slight backward lean in a Muay Thai kick, leaning back too much can throw you off balance, making it easier for your opponent to sweep you.

Correction: Work on maintaining your balance while kicking. This may involve strengthening your core muscles and practicing the kick slowly to develop muscle memory. 

Addressing these common mistakes enhances your Muay Thai kicking technique, making your kicks more efficient, powerful, and safe. Remember, practice makes perfect. So, keep practicing, be mindful of these pitfalls, and watch your Muay Thai skills flourish.

Injury Prevention – How to Keep Yourself Safe While Executing Muay Thai Kicks

When it comes to executing Muay Thai kicks, safety should always come first. As exhilarating and powerful as these kicks can be, they pose a significant risk of injury if not performed correctly. However, with the right approach to injury prevention, you can keep yourself safe while mastering the art of Muay Thai kicking. 

1. Proper Technique is Key 

First and foremost, using the correct technique is essential in preventing injuries. In Muay Thai, every kick has its unique technique, and understanding these nuances can mean the difference between executing a successful strike and sustaining an injury. This isn’t just about where to place your foot or angle your knee—it’s also about how to rotate your hips, focus your gaze properly, and even breathe. Make sure you’re working with a knowledgeable instructor who can guide you through these techniques in detail. 

2. Strength and Conditioning 

When you think about kicking, it’s easy to assume it’s all about the legs—but in Muay Thai, your entire body needs to be strong and conditioned. Incorporating strength and conditioning exercises into your training regime will improve your performance and reduce the risk of injuries. Here are a few suggestions: 

  • Leg Strength: Squats, lunges, and calf raises can help strengthen your legs.
  • Core Strength: Planks, sit-ups, and Russian twists can enhance your core stability, which is important for maintaining balance during kicks.
  • Flexibility: Regular stretching can improve your flexibility, reducing the risk of strains and pulls.

3. Warm-Up and Cool Down 

Always remember the importance of a good warm-up and cool-down. A warm-up raises your body’s temperature, increases blood flow to your muscles, and prepares your body for the physical demands of Muay Thai. A cool-down, however, allows your heart rate to return to normal and helps flush out waste products from your muscles. 

The warm-up should include dynamic stretches and light cardio exercises, while the cool-down can consist of static stretches and deep breathing exercises. 

4. Protective Gear 

Last but certainly not least, don’t forget to wear your protective gear. Shin guards, ankle supports, and quality training gloves can provide additional protection and minimize the impact of your kicks. 

Remember, the key to preventing injuries in Muay Thai isn’t about avoiding hard kicks but learning how to execute them safely and effectively. With proper technique, strength and conditioning, and the right protective gear, you’ll be well on your way to mastering the art of Muay Thai kicks without risking your health.


In conclusion, Muay Thai kicks are not just predefined movements performed in sequence, they are an art form that requires precision, speed, and power to execute effectively. They are an essential component of the “art of eight limbs”. 

Each technique carries its signature force and strategic utility in the ring, from the powerful roundhouse kick, the piercing teep, and the deceptive switch kick to the devastating low kick. The beauty of Muay Thai lies not only in the diversity of its kicks but also in how they can be seamlessly woven together to create a deadly dance of attack and defense.

In your journey to master these kicks, remember that it’s not about being perfect from the start. It’s about constant progress, learning from mistakes, and pushing your limits. Like any martial art, Muay Thai is not just a physical endeavor but a mental and spiritual journey. 

Whether you’re looking to compete professionally, learn self-defense, or simply stay fit, Muay Thai has something to offer. The key is finding a good trainer, staying committed, and pushing even when things get tough. And remember, the journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step – or in this case, a single kick.

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Michael B. Ryan

Michael is a passionate Muay Thai enthusiast and founder of Fancy Muay Thai. He shares tips and resources to help others improve their skills and provides unbiased product reviews. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to and affiliated sites. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of, Inc. or its affiliates.